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The Sicherheitsdienst confiscated the pictures of the wreath-laying ceremony, thinking that it could be dangerous for the German occupation policy in Lithuania. [1] The city interwar architecture is regarded as among the finest examples of European Art Deco and has received the European Heritage Label. Library and Health Sciences Information Center of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, 2007, Center for Science Studies and Business of Kaunas University of Technology Santakos Valley, 2013), G. Balčytis (e.g. The stone buildings, however, also burned down so the Town Hall that stands today was constructed in a more advanced way, which took from 1771 to 1780. [44] He also informed Juozas Urbšys about the Soviet–German secret protocols and showed maps of the spheres of influence. In addition, Kaunas is home to Kaunas Zoo, the only state-operated zoo in all of Lithuania. We have reviews of the best places to see in Kaunas County. Kaunas is first mentioned in written sources in 1361 when the brick Kaunas Castle was constructed. [38] Part of the Lithuanian armoured vehicles military unit was moved to Žaliakalnis, armed with advanced and brand new tanks, including the famous Renault FT, Vickers-Armstrong Model 1933 and Model 1936. Moxy Kaunas Center Hotel), A. Kaušpėdas, V. Klimavičius, D. Head offices of several major International and Lithuanian companies are located in Kaunas, including "Kraft Foods Lietuva", largest Generic Pharmaceuticals producer in Lithuania "Sanitas", producer of sportswear AB "Audimas", one of the largest construction companies "YIT Kausta", JSC "Senukai", largest producer in Lithuania of strong alcoholic drinks JSC "Stumbras", Finnish capital brewery JSC "Ragutis", JSC "Fazer Gardesis", JSC "Stora Enso Packaging",[125] producer of pharmaceuticals, and the only producer of homoeopathic medicines in Lithuania JSC "Aconitum". ", "1941 metų Joninės. There are a lot of them. [25] The oldest still functioning institution of higher education is Kaunas Priest Seminary, established in 1864. It passed some important laws, particularly on land reform, on the national currency, and adopted a new constitution. [37], The city also was a particularly important center for the Lithuanian Armed Forces. The city is home to a few historic clubs such as: LFLS Kaunas football club (est. S.Dariaus and S.Girėno Stadium is also used as the only large athletics stadium in Lithuania. He began lectures using the Lithuanian language, rather than Russian, and greatly influenced the spirit of the seminarians by narrating about the ancient Lithuania and especially its earthwork mounds. [132] JSC "Baltic car equipment" is one of the leaders in Baltic countries, in the field of manufacturing electronic equipment for automobiles. [28], After the unsuccessful January Uprising against the Russian Empire, tsarist authority moved the Catholic Seminary of Varniai, prominent bishop Motiejus Valančius and Samogitian diocese institutions to Kaunas, where they were given the former Bernardine Monastery Palace and St. George the Martyr Church. Since Kaunas is located at the confluence of two rivers, there were 34 bridges and viaducts built in the city at the end of 2007, including: Kaunas is an important railway hub in Lithuania. The control of Vilnius and most of the Lithuania's territory was also shortly taken over by the rebels. Lithuania (/ ˌ l ɪ θj u ˈ eɪ n i ə / LITH-ew-AY-nee-ə; Lithuanian: Lietuva [lʲɪɛtʊˈvɐ]), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Northern and Baltic region of Europe.Lithuania is one of the Baltic states. The Lithuanian Nation, exhausted from the terror of the brutal Bolshevism, decided to build its future on the basis of national unity and social justice." According to the archeological excavations, the richest collections of ceramics and other artifacts found at the confluence of the Nemunas and the Neris rivers are from the second and first millennium BC. [78] The Sugihara House, where he was previously issuing transit visas, currently is a museum and the Centre For Asian Studies of Vytautas Magnus University. [90] Pope John Paul II said Holy Mass for the faithful of the Archdiocese of Kaunas at the Kaunas Cathedral Basilica and held a meeting with the young people of Lithuania at the S. Darius and S. Girėnas Stadium, during his visit to Lithuania in 1993. On 9 October 1988, the Flag of Lithuania was raised above the tower of the Military Museum. Girstupis, 1975, Vitebskas, 1980, Kalniečių, 1986), shops (Viešnagė, 1982, Merkurijus, 1983), galleries (e.g. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. [96] On 28 September 2017 the winner of the M. K. Čiurlionis Concert Centre architectural competition was announced and the centre is planned to be completed by 2022, close to the Vytautas the Great Bridge.[97]. At the time, qualified workers there were earning very similar real wages to workers in Germany, Italy, Switzerland and France, the country also had a surprisingly high natural increase in population of 9.7 and the industrial production of Lithuania increased by 160% from 1913 to 1940. Aleksotas Church of St. Casimir, 1997, company Kraft Foods Lietuva administrative and laboratory buildings complex, 2001, shopping and entertainment center Akropolis, 2007), A. Karalius (building materials salon Iris, 2002, block of flats Aušros namai, 2005), D. Paulauskienė (e.g. After World War II Kaunas became the main industrial city of Lithuania—it produced about a quarter of Lithuania's industrial output. Faculty of Light Industry at Kaunas University of Technology, 1983). Get directions, maps, and traffic for Kaunas, Kaunas County. Members of the Provisional Government then went as a body to the Garden of the Vytautas the Great War Museum, where they laid a wreath near the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the presence of numerous audience. The project includes mining of anhydrite, a mine with underground warehouses, building the overground transport terminal, as well as an administrative building. :: Istorija ir archeologija :: www.technologijos.lt", "Paskutinįjį Lietuvos karo aviacijos viršininką prisimenant", "Ar Lietuva galėjo išsigelbėti 1939–1940 metais? It could be described as a city that never accepted its role as the second city in the country. Kaunas city municipality council is the governing body of the Kaunas city municipality. [39] In May 1919 Lithuanian Aircraft State Factory was founded in Freda to repair and to supply the army with military aircraft. A LED lighting assembly plant was opened in Kaunas by South Korean company LK Technology in February 2011. [27], Kovno Governorate, with a centre in Kovno (Kaunas), was formed in 1843. The power of the self-governing Kaunas was shared by three interrelated major institutions: vaitas (the Mayor), the Magistrate (12 lay judges and 4 burgomasters), and the so-called Benchers' Court (12 persons). [64], On 23 June 1941 at 9:28 am Tautiška giesmė, the national anthem of Lithuania, was played on the radio in Kaunas. Historical Outlines, "KAUNAS PHOTO – festival in Lithuania, since 2004", Tourist Information Centre of Kaunas region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kaunas&oldid=1001579951, Municipalities administrative centres of Lithuania, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Lithuanian-language sources (lt), Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing Belarusian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Yiddish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2017, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: World Meteorological Organization, Source 2: Hong Kong Observatory (sun only), Lithuanian open-air Ethnographic Museum displaying the heritage of Lithuanian rural life in a vast collection of authentic resurrected buildings is situated east of Kaunas on the bank of, The apartments of some famous Kaunas natives, including, Vilnius Academy of Art Kaunas Faculty of Art, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 09:22. Location map of Lithuania Destination Lithuania, an Eastern European country with a coastline at the Baltic Sea in west. [46] Despite regaining the beloved historical capital, the Presidency and the Government remained in Kaunas. [77] The fleeing Jews were refugees from German-occupied Western Poland and Soviet-occupied Eastern Poland, as well as residents of Kaunas and other Lithuania territories. By the initiative of a prominent Lithuanian zoologist Tadas Ivanauskas and biologist Constantin von Regel the Botanical Garden was founded in 1923. [82] The Kaunas pogrom was a massacre of Jewish people living in Kaunas, Lithuania that took place on 25–29 June 1941—the first days of the Operation Barbarossa and of Nazi occupation of Lithuania. As 2019 is coming to an end, it has been noted that, in terms of the number of passengers served … The heraldic seal of Kaunas, introduced in the early 15th century during the reign of Grand Duke Vytautas, is the oldest city heraldic seal known in the territory of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Prominent features of the Old Town include Kaunas Castle, the Town Hall, and the historical Presidential Palace. Kaunas International Airport (KUN) is the second-busiest airport in Lithuania and fourth-busiest airport in the Baltic states. On 1 July 2010, the county administration was abolished.[3]. The rebels radioed the Germans for assistance. For Nazi concentration camp, see, Significant depictions in popular culture, I. Žiemele. Ethnic composition in 2011, out of a total of 315,933:[146]. [136] Kaunas Hydroelectric Power Plant is the largest one in Lithuania. In order to establish the legitimacy of the government and design the plans of Lithuania's "legal accession to the USSR", on 1 July, the Seimas of Lithuania was dismissed and elections to the puppet People's Seimas were announced. The most developed industries in Kaunas are amongst the food and beverage industries, textile and light industries, chemical industry, publishing and processing, pharmaceuticals, metal industry, wood processing and furniture industry. Kaunas County is one of the ten counties of Lithuania.The capital city is Kaunas.On 1 July 2010, the county administration was ended. [153] In 2015, Kauno autobusai bought four Van Hool AGG300 to serve the mostly populated 37th route. The city covers 15,700 hectares. The university status Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, founded during the Interwar period, is the only state-supported institution of tertiary physical education in Lithuania. 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