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259–283. This expedition did not seriously affect Trebizond itself, but attacked Trebizond's dependencies in the Crimea and was partly destroyed by a storm on its return journey. This expedition did not seriously affect Trebizond itself, but attacked Trebizond's dependencies in the Crimea and was partly destroyed by a storm on its return journey. Pero Tafur, in his travel memoirs, records that when he visited Trebizond in 1438 John IV had a Turkish wife. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – c.1459 ) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. Chalkokondyles II.220; translated by Kaldellis, A. Vasiliev, "Tero Tafur, a Spanish Traveler of the XVth Century and His Visit to Constantinople, Trebizond, and Italy,". Byzantine John IV, Trebizond. 3 likes. [7] According to the Europäische Stammtafeln, his second wife was the daughter of Dawlat Berdi Khan of the Golden Horde, although no basis for this identification is given. Chalkokondyles II.222; translated by Kaldellis. John sent his brother David to ratify the treaty before Mehmed II himself, which he did in 1458, but the tribute was raised to 3,000 gold pieces. John IV of Trebizond died in 1459. Not long after John arrived home, he was confronted by two new threats to his reign. The two armies met at Kapanion. VF. 259–283. Retowski 1-7 (for type); Bendall, Trebizond 80; SB 2642. Chalkokondyles II.219-220; translated by Anthony Kaldellis, For a discussion of this source, see Kaldellis, "The Interpolations", pp. John IV Megas Komnenos was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. Pero Tafur provides a detail at variance with the account of Pseudo-Chalkokondyles, for he reports that John became emperor with help of the Turkish Sultan. This incident is notable for the anecdote it relates about John, who gleefully related to Sphrantzes the news of the death of Sultan Murad II, and that Mehmed II's youth meant that now his empire could last longer and be blessed. Ióannész trapezunti császár; itwiki Giovanni IV di Trebisonda; jawiki ヨハネス4世 (トレビゾンド皇帝) kawiki იოანე IV (ტრაპიზონი) He was the youngest son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a Trapezuntine noblewoman. John had planned to attack Junayd from both land and sea; however, a strong wind prevented the sailors from landing and the Sheikh's men successfully counteracted, killing the pansebastos and scattering the army. [23] The two doubtful children are: Emperor and Autocrat of all the East and Perateia, John Hutchins Rosser: Historical Dictionary of Byzantium page 259. [22] However, Kuršanskis has shown that John had only one child—Theodora Megale Komnene, better known by her Mongol appellation "Despina Hatun". [11] According to Chalkokondyles, Hizir raided the countryside, even penetrating into the marketplace of Trebizond, capturing altogether about two thousand people. [1] According to Trebizond: The Last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era (1926) by William Miller, earlier in that same year John had murdered a courtier who allegedly served as the lover of his mother. John IV was married twice, first to an unnamed daughter of King Alexander I of Georgia,[20] then prior to November 1437 he married the daughter of a Turkish sultan. The apprehensiveness towards Genoa was contrasted by friendlier relations with Venice, although the Venetians never recovered their former influence in the Black Sea. [13] He also pursued Western support through effecting a union with the Roman Catholic Church. St. Eugenius on horseback right, holding cross / John on horseback right, holding three-pronged scepter. [2] As a result, his brother Alexander was designated despotes in his place. Shaykh Junayd soon arrived before the walls of Trebizond, but after three days he found the walls impregnable and marched his army south to ravage the district of Mesochaldia instead.[16]. John II of Trebizond (1262-16 August 1297) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1284 (succeeding George and preceding Theodora) and from 1285 to 1297 (succeeding Theodora and preceding Alexios II).. [23] The two doubtful children are: Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! Lat. Her first name is unknown. John IV went on to marry an unnamed Turkish lady. Death . Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages. This incident is notable for the anecdote it relates about John, who gleefully related to Sphrantzes the news of the death of Sultan Murad II, and that Mehmed II's youth meant that now his empire could last longer and be blessed. Since William Miller wrote his book on Trebizond, the scholarly consensus dated his death to 1458, although with some dissent to 1459 (Lampsides, Kursanskis) or simply state the broad limits 1458/9-1460 (Anthony Bryer). [4], Landing at Saint Phokas (the modern Kordyle), John and his supporters made their base in the monastery. A Genoese document dated November 8, 1427 orders the consul at Caffa in the Crimea to keep on good terms with the Emperor of Trebizond for news of John arriving at Caffa had reached Genoa. Lat. According to a passage considered to be an interpolation in the history of Laonikos Chalkokondyles, he accused his mother Theodora of having an affair with an unnamed protovestiarios, whom he killed, then held his parents captive in the citadel until the palace staff released them. [9] In February 1451 the Byzantine diplomat George Sphrantzes arrived in Trebizond seeking a bride for his emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos. [2] As a result, his brother Alexander was designated despotes in his place. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. [17] John assembled his land and naval forces, then assisted by his pansebastos sailed forth to meet the Shaikh. John had been designated despotes, or heir apparent, by his father as early as 1417, but had come into conflict with his parents. An alternative identification is that she was the daughter of the Crimean Khan, Hacı I Giray.[21]. Reference: BCV 2642 Weight: 1 gms Diameter: 15.1 mm THE EMPIRE OF TREBIZOND. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. 30. translated in Marios Philippides. The Empire of Trebizond was founded in 1204 by Alexius Comnenus grandson of Andronicus I. 30. translated in Marios Philippides. The "Europäische Stammtafeln" considers this second wife to have been a daughter of Dawlat Berdi. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. The penultimate Trapezuntine ruler, John IV, recognized the threat of the Ottomans. Tema. He is commonly said to have as many as three children—a son and either one or two daughters. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos ), (c. 1403 ndash; 1459) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 to 1459. This page was last edited on 11 February 2020, at 13:57. Ask Login. They learned they had misunderstood John's wishes: he had the eyes of one man put out and the hand of the other cut off.[6]. The two armies met at Kapanion. The city was deserted due to plague and likely to fall; John made his submission and agreed to pay an annual tribute of 2,000 gold pieces in return for the return the captives Hizir had taken. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Alexander had fled Trebizond for the Byzantine court in 1429 and had eventually married Maria Gattilusio, the daughter of the Genoese lord of Lesbos. His reign was dominated by ongoing attempts to defend Trebizond from its Turkmen neighbors and the increasingly aggressive Ottoman Empire to the west. [12], Aware of the Ottoman advance against the remaining Byzantine possessions in the Morea, John IV attempted to bolster his position by resorting to an old family tradition; the same year David delivered the tribute to Mehmed, John married his daughter Theodora to Uzun Hasan of the Ak Koyunlu. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Bagrationi, Wife of John IV of Trebizond - Death. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – 1460) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. John IV of Trebizond Date of Birth, Nationality, Hometown, Birth Place, Zodiac Sign, Weight & Height in Meters John IV. The first time this letter was printed was in 1496, taken from the text of Reg. Sphranzes, ch. His father Alexios rode out with his retinue and camped nearby. This is "cc93681 John IV Trebizond Asper" by Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. Contribution à la prosopographie des Grands Comnènes", Profile of Alexios IV and his children in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley, Vougiouklaki Penelope, "John IV Grand Komnenos", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_IV_of_Trebizond&oldid=940263179, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Written in Caffa and dated 19 April 1460, this memorandum includes a postscript dated 5 May 1460, that states that John has died and was succeeded by his brother the despotes. Discussed in Rustam Shukurov, "The campaign of Shaykh Djunayd Safawi against Trebizond (1456 AD/860 AH)", Unless otherwise indicated, this section is based on, "La Date de la Mort du Basileus Jean IV Komnenos de Trebizonde", "The Fifteenth-century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia", "La descendance d'Alexis IV, empereur de Trébizonde. John was recognized as emperor in Trebizond some time before 28 October 1429, the date of the first document that mentions him on the throne. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article The disputes were never fully settled and seriously injured commerce in the Black Sea. The apprehensiveness towards Genoa was contrasted by friendlier relations with Venice, although the Venetians never recovered their former influence in the Black Sea. Alexander had fled Trebizond for the Byzantine court in 1429 and had eventually married Maria Gattilusio, the daughter of the Genoese lord of Lesbos. After the Fall of Constantinople to Mehmed II in 1453, Trebizond and the Morea were left as the last remnants of the Byzantine imperial tradition. Noting that the letter appears between two other documents dated to 1459, Ganchou blames a "lazy scribe" for writing that year when transcribing this letter, instead of the correct 1460. [19] In discussing this document, Thierre Ganchou explains that it confirms clearly a terminus ante quem for John's death of 22 April 1460. His father Alexios rode out with his retinue and camped nearby. John IV married an unnamed Turkish lady as his second consort. Emperor of Trebizond, 1446-1458. Noting that the letter appears between two other documents dated to 1459, Ganchou blames a "lazy scribe" for writing that year when transcribing this letter, instead of the correct 1460. An account by Caterino Zeno dated […] An account by Caterino Zeno dated to 1474 names Niccolò as married to Valenza Megali Komnene, a supposed sister of daughter of John IV of Trebizond. He was the youngest son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a Trapezuntine noblewoman. [8] His brother Alexander was afterwards exiled to Constantinople, where the Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him eight years later. The Europäische Stammtafeln considers this second wife to have been a daughter of Dawlat Berdi. Kuršanskis has argued that Alexios was correctly the son of John's brother Alexander. Shaykh Junayd soon arrived before the walls of Trebizond, but after three days he found the walls impregnable and marched his army south to ravage the district of Mesochaldia instead.[16]. Ganchou explains the discrepancies in the rest of the evidence facilely. Sphranzes, ch. enwiki John IV of Trebizond; eswiki Juan IV de Trebisonda; fawiki ژان چهارم ترابوزان; frwiki Jean IV de Trébizonde; glwiki Xoán IV de Trebisonda; huwiki IV. The year "1459" in the letter carried by the embassy of Ludovico da Bologna was an error in transcription: the original letter has not been found, and may no longer exist. [8] His brother Alexander was afterwards exiled to Constantinople, where the Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him eight years later. John I Axouchos (Greek: Ιωάννης Α΄ Αξούχος, Iōannēs I Axoukhos) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1235 to 1238. [10], His conversation with Sphrantzes should have warned John IV the new peril which had come forth. John IV went on to marry an unnamed Turkish lady. John IV of Trebizond. 557, a manuscript now at the Vatican Library. As early as 1434 he had responded to the letters of Pope Eugenius IV, in marked contrast to earlier emperors of Trebizond, who had ignored papal missives. [19] In discussing this document, Thierre Ganchou explains that it confirms clearly a terminus ante quem for John's death of 22 April 1460. The Ottomans did not make another attack on the Empire of Trebizond until the reign of the next Sultan, Mehmed II. [3] Here he found a large vessel full of arms, and in exchange for appointing its owner his protostrator the vessel and its crew brought him home in 1429. John then fled to Georgia. 1/4 Asper MA-Shop Kauf mit Garantie Angebot mit Münzen und Medaillen von der Antike bis zum Euro. As early as 1434 he had responded to the letters of Pope Eugenius IV, in marked contrast to earlier emperors of Trebizond, who had ignored papal missives. Printed was in 1496, taken from the text of Reg then burying his father in state the... Was confronted by two new threats to his reign Phokas ( the modern Kordyle ), returned... He is commonly said to have been a daughter of Dawlat Berdi 2 Technology the threat the... 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